Celtic monks sail to Iceland. The Althing, a judiciary and law-making body of chieftains, convenes for the first time at Thingvellir.
However in the 9th century they were driven out by Vikings. According to tradition the first Viking to discover Iceland was a man named Naddoddur who got lost while on his way to the Faeroe Islands.
Following him a Swede named Gardar Svavarsson circumnavigated Iceland about However the first Viking attempt to settle was by a Norwegian named Floki Vilgeroarson.
He landed in the northwest but a severe winter killed his domestic animals and he sailed back to Norway. However he gave the land its name. He called it Iceland. Then from many settlers came to Iceland from Norway and the Viking colonies in the British Isles.
A Norwegian named Ingolfur Arnarson led them. He sailed with his family, slaves and animals.
|blue lagoon||Early history Settlement c. According to stories written down some years after the event, the country was discovered and settled by Norse people in the Viking Age.|
When he sighted Iceland Ingolfur dedicated his wooden posts to his gods then threw them overboard. He vowed to settle at the place where the sea washed them up. He then explored Iceland. When the posts were found in the southwest of Iceland Ingolfur and his household settled there.
He called the place Reykjavik, meaning Smokey Bay. Many other Vikings followed him to Iceland. The land in Iceland was free to whoever wanted it. A man could claim as much land as he could light fires around in one day while a woman could claim as much land as she could lead a heifer round in one day.
There were very good fishing grounds around Iceland and the land was well suited to sheep.
Many Vikings brought flocks with them and soon sheep became a major Icelandic industry. The population of Iceland soared. By about there were about 60, people living in Iceland. At first the Icelanders were ruled by chiefs called Godar but there were some local assemblies. About the Icelanders created an assembly for the whole island called the Althing.Iceland - Government and society: Iceland’s constitution, which was adopted in , established a parliamentary democracy with a directly elected president as head of state.
The powers of the president are similar to those of other heads of state in western European democracies. The Natural History Museum was founded in The. Guide to Iceland is the world's most popular source of Iceland travel information.
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Geography of Iceland: Read this article to learn all about the Scandinavian country of Iceland. Learn about Iceland's history, government, economy, topography and geography from Geography at .
Iceland: Geographical and Iceland is a land of vivid contrasts of climate, geography, and culture. Despite its physical isolation some miles ( km) from Scotland—its nearest European neighbour—Iceland has remained throughout its history very much a part of European civilization.
Iceland also boasts one of the highest fertility rates in Europe, ensuring the country a steady population growth through the years. The history of Iceland began in the 9th century when the country was settled by Irish monks.
Icelandic history Iceland was founded during the Viking Age of exploration and settled by Norsemen from Scandinavia and Celts from the British Isles. The early history of Iceland is chronicled in literary sources, the oldest of which is Íslendingabók (The Book of Icelanders) written about