It is usually considered to include the 15th and 16th centuries, though historians date it differently with some including parts of the 14th and 17th centuries while others beginning it in the middle of the 15th or ending it in the middle of the 16th. The Renaissance was marked by renewed interest in the culture of the ancient Greeks and the ancient Romans. It started in Italy and spread across Europe, bringing a period of much cultural achievements in the continent. Know more about the art, literature, philosophy, science and events of the Renaissance through these 10 interesting facts.
The Renaissance was a time of great intellectual growth and rebirth -- in fact, the word Renaissance literally means "rebirth" in French.
This new era of enlightenment for Europeans began in Florence towards the end of the 14th century, following the Middle Ages, and after the Black Death wiped out nearly half of Europe's population. During the Renaissance, a revolution in philosophy, science and mathematics dramatically changed arts and culture in Europe.
Rise of Humanism During the Middle Ages, individuals were expected to devote their lives to the church above all else. In stark contrast, Renaissance humanists broke free from medieval tradition to put focus on personal interests instead of religious demands.
Humanists emphasized the importance of worldly pleasures and studied classic texts from philosophers like Plato and Aristotle for inspiration.
With humanism came an increased interest in travel and the pursuit of knowledge. Renaissance writers, artists, scientists and other thinkers were greatly influenced by humanist beliefs -- Francesco Petrarch, Giovanni Boccaccio, Sir Thomas More and Francis Bacon are a few of the humanist pioneers who influenced Renaissance art and literature.
Spreading of Knowledge AroundGerman citizen Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press, and with it came an increasingly informed society.
Prior to the Renaissance, texts were tediously hand written, and education was reserved to wealthy citizens who could afford such luxury. The printing press revolutionized communication -- suddenly, the middle classes were able to educate themselves.
Scientists were able to easily share work, leading to faster and more accurate discoveries. Thanks to the printing press, new ideas spread quickly throughout Europe and allowed for widespread educational reform.
Realism in Art The Renaissance is best known throughout popular culture for its contribution to the arts.
Instead of focusing on traditional depictions of religious figures and iconography, artists like Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci and Titian painted studies of the human body in detail. Influenced by the humanists, Renaissance painters drew inspiration from ancient Greece and Rome.
Thanks to newly improved knowledge of anatomy, Renaissance painters studied to create perfect proportions, detail and emotions. Nudes grew in popularity, and to advance their realist perspective, Renaissance painters experimented heavily with texture and depth.
Reliance on Observation With the Renaissance came an increasing divide between science and religion as a new era of discovery swept through Europe. Scientists began to focus on practical observation instead of religious teachings and viewed their work with renewed skepticism.
Sir Francis Bacon and his contemporaries championed the scientific method, urging the examination of theories using hard evidence. Dissections became popular during this time, and scientists began to better understand the basics of human anatomy. History of the Renaissance About the Author Kimberly Abruzzo has more than 10 years of experience as a writer.
She attended the M.Especially in the United States, where scholars specializing in the Renaissance and the Reformation often interpret the Reformation as a culmination of the Renaissance and focus on the humanist's inquiries into Christian antiquity, the term "Christian humanism" is applied to humanists of both the Italian and the northern Renaissance.
humanism during the Renaissance. The Infancy of Printing An online exhibit that explores the transition from papyrus to paper, Gutenberg, and the first texts ever printed. Printing: Renaissance and Reformation This online exhibit includes images of books printed during the Renaissance and illustrations of printing presses and printing shops.
The century between and saw humanism flourish and then fall into disfavor in the fires of religious fervor; Italian city-states expand by warring with each other, and then be unable to resist invasion from outside the peninsula; and the advent of the Protestant Reformation. The Renaissance was the first step in the start of the Modern period in European history.
The impact and significance of the Renaissance on Europe is a direct result of all the advancements made during the renaissance. The Renaissance politically and economically set Europe up for a return to being an influencing force in the world. Feb 16, · The Renaissance essay.
The Renaissance was a period in European history marked by a cultural flowering. Numerous conditions combined to spark the Renaissance, and this period in history was marked by huge changes for people living in srmvision.comians continue to unravel the history of theRenaissance centuries later, and.
Humanism is considered to be the most significant intellectual movement of the Renaissance. As its name implies, humanism was a philosophy that was characterized by blending concern with the history and actions of all human beings, and their influences on the world with religious duty.