Finally, a wave of North American scholarship inspired by the questions and methods linked to gender analysis in the s made the study of women and gender an intrinsic part of broader historiographical concerns with Latin American economic, political, and cultural development in the national period. This North—South imbalance, as well as the greater distribution of English-language compared to Latin American publications, is certainly reflected in this bibliography, which privileges research by US scholars.
The musical diversity and complexity of Latin America is extraordinary, having developed over centuries as the product of cultural exchange.
Prior to European contact, native groups incorporated music and dance as integral parts of daily life, in education, work, and leisure activities.
Song and dance, accompanied by percussion instruments and aerophones made from bones and shells, comprised a large part of religious rituals, ceremonies for rites of passage and harvest, and leisure and work activities throughout the Americas.
It functioned as a medium of communication within and between groups and with the spiritual world.
Music was part of European expeditions to claim territory in the Americas, and it was quickly incorporated into missionary evangelization efforts. Dance and musical practice provided opportunities for indigenous cultural maintenance and reinvention within the context of colonialism.
Europeans brought musical instruments that were adapted to use in new contexts: The music and liturgy of the mass, devotional songs, liturgical theater, and secular song and dance all gained important places in colonial culture throughout American colonies.
Africans, enslaved and free, brought new rhythms, dances, songs, and musical practices with them to the Americas as well, creating unique syncretic blends of song, dance, and performance. In the 19th century, art music was composed and performed in the urban centers of Latin America, and music was incorporated into newly independent states as part of efforts to define national identity.
Modern music in Latin America continues to reflect the diversity of the history and population of the region. Ethnic groups define themselves through music and dance.
Religious music remains an important part of ritual celebrations, particularly processions and festivals of the Catholic Church. Secular song and dance genres, from son, to salsa, merengue, rumba, and samba gained popularity not only in Latin America but also in the United States and worldwide in the second half of the 20th century.
Music became linked with mass media—first radio, then movies and television, audio recordings, and performances for tourists—reshaping its meaning. This article will consider work by scholars in the fields of music, anthropology, sociology, history, and cultural studies, which looks not only at the musical genres and performers but also at the cultural, political, and economic contexts and meanings.
General Overviews Overviews of music in Latin America are largely authored by musicologists and ethnomusicologists. These works focus on tracing the development of unique musical genres that have resulted from interethnic contact, and defining the types of music performed in Latin America today.
Succinct introductions to the major genres and themes appear in Seeger and the first chapter of Schechter cited under Textbooks. The former is a concise entry, arranged geographically, while the latter is more extensive and is arranged chronologically.
The first major overview of music in Latin America, arranged by historic period and by country in the national period was Chase Multiple authors contributed to the encyclopedic treatments of Latin American music, Kuss and Olsen and Sheehy Music in Latin America: A historical overview of art music in Latin America from the colonial period through the 20th century.
Major genres and composers are discussed, and musical examples are included. A Guide to the Music of Latin America. Music in Latin America and the Caribbean: University of Texas Press, People and ideas systems As outlined by Andrew Roberts of Middlesex University, London.
Introductory sketches of the ideas of theorists, linked to Andrew Roberts' book Social Science History and the Society and Science History srmvision.comped from a course document "Outline of the theorists we could cover" (February ), the web . Introduction.
Sources for the study of the history of women in Latin America’s national period grew exponentially in the late 20th and early 21st centuries, both in the English-speaking world and, to a lesser extent, in Latin America itself. Find out more about studying History BA Hons (V) at Lancaster University.
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Political scientist Brendon O'Connor of the United States Studies Centre suggests that "anti-Americanism. Latin American Cinema: Essays On Modernity, Gender And National Identity, Paperback by Shaw, Lisa (EDT); Dennison, Stephanie (EDT), ISBN , ISBN "These collected essays explore important elements of Latin American cinema and its associated national film industries.
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