Local residents cross a bridge over the Tigris River, on the outskirts of Zakhu, Iraq. Today, abundant petroleum fields dominate the area's economy.
United States intervention in Chile The U. One example is the counterespionage operations following the discovery of the Farewell Dossier which some argue contributed to the fall of the Soviet regime.
US troops remain in South Korea to deter further conflict, as the war has not officially ended. President Harry Truman was unable to roll back the North Korean government due to Chinese intervention, but the goal of containment was achieved. In under US President Harry Trumana coup overthrew an elected parliamentary government in Syriawhich had delayed approving an oil pipeline requested by US international business interests in that region.
The exact role of the CIA in that coup is controversial, but it is clear that US governmental officials, including at least one CIA officer, communicated with the coup organizer, Za'im, before the March 30 coup and were at least aware that it was being planned—and six weeks later on May 16, Za'im approved the pipeline.
The coup installed the military dictatorship of Carlos Castillo Armasthe first in a series of U. Guatemala subsequently plunged into a civil war that cost scores of thousands of lives and ended all democratic expression for decades.
Covert operations continued under President John F. Kennedy and his successors. The CIA also considered assassinating Congolese leader Patrice Lumumba with poisoned toothpaste although this plan was aborted.
Kennedy meeting with Cheddi Jagan in October The trip was a political disaster for Jagan, who failed to sooth the suspicions of Kennedy and Congress by equivocating on Cold War issues. Kennedybecause he feared a "second Cuba". Henry Kissingerin his memoirs, dismissed Guyana as being "invariably on the side of radicals in Third World forums.
North Vietnam invaded Laos inand used 30, men to build invasion routes through Laos and Cambodia. Although David Chandler argued that the bombing "had the effect the Americans wanted--it broke the communist encirclement of Phnom Penh ,"  others have claimed it boosted recruitment for the Khmer Rouge.
Bush In it was revealed by the Church Committee that the United States had covertly intervened in Chile from as early asand that from tocovert involvement was "extensive and continuous".
Disgusted by the collapse of detentePresident Jimmy Carter began covertly arming Afghan mujahideen in a program called Operation Cyclone. The US withdrew after servicemen were killed in the Beirut barracks bombing.
The attack helped pressure Iran to agree to a ceasefire with Iraq later that summer, ending the eight-year war. As a result, the death squads made plans to kill the US Ambassador.
Inthe US bombed Libya in response to Libyan involvement in international terrorism. On 26 Februarythe coalition succeeded in driving out the Iraqi forces. As they retreated, Iraqi forces carried out a scorched earth policy by setting oil wells on fire.
During the Iraqi occupation, about 1, Kuwaiti civilians were killed and more thanresidents fled the country. Oil fires in Kuwait inwhich were a result of the scorched earth policy of Iraqi military forces retreating from Kuwait.
This resulted in an urban battle that killed 18 American soldiers, wounded 73 others, and one was taken prisoner.SOURCES OF CONFLICT IN THE GREATER MIDDLE EAST Ian O.
Lesser, Bruce R. Nardulli, and Lory A. Arghavan INTRODUCTION An Enduring Area of Engagement Few would question that the greater Middle East is an area of central geostrategic concern for the United States—a place where U.S.
inter-ests are at stake, conflict is frequent, . An Introduction to Middle East Politics is a fountain of carefully selected information and accessible analysis. The politics of the Middle East could be very confusing, even for veteran observers.
The politics of the Middle East could be very confusing, even for veteran srmvision.com: Benjamin MacQueen.
Apr 07, · Far from a monolithic relationship, Iran and the United States have spent as many decades as friends as they have as enemies. In the United States as well, the Jewish community is well established and has influence over many aspects of US foreign policy in the Middle East.
In fact, some commentators suggest that US Zionism is more extreme that that seen in Israel itself. The Middle East: United States Policy and Relations in the Latter Half of the 20th Century it has been involved in several conflicts with its Arab neighbors as to offset its declining power in the global economy and to make it clear to the Middle Eastern countries that the United States is boss.
US Middle Eastern Policy in the Post-Gulf. Conflicts in the Middle East vary from conflicts over land to problems within a nation's own government.
In cases like the Palestinian Arabs and Israeli's, there have been conflicts between the two nations since the establishment of Israel .