Origin[ edit ] Some of the first humanists were great collectors of antique manuscriptsincluding PetrarchGiovanni BoccaccioColuccio Salutatiand Poggio Bracciolini. Of the four, Petrarch was dubbed the "Father of Humanism" because of his devotion or loyalty to Greek and Roman scrolls. Many worked for the Catholic Church and were in holy orderslike Petrarch, while others were lawyers and chancellors of Italian cities, and thus had access to book copying workshops, such as Petrarch's disciple Salutatithe Chancellor of Florence.
Origin[ edit ] Some of the first humanists were great collectors of antique manuscriptsincluding PetrarchGiovanni BoccaccioColuccio Salutatiand Poggio Bracciolini. Of the four, Petrarch was dubbed the "Father of Humanism" because of his devotion or loyalty to Greek and Roman scrolls. In Italy, the humanist educational program won rapid acceptance and, by the midth century, many of the upper classes had received humanist educations, possibly in addition to traditional scholasticist ones.
Some of the highest officials of the Catholic Church were humanists with the resources to amass important libraries. Such was Cardinal Basilios Bessariona convert to the Catholic Church from Greek Orthodoxywho was considered for the papacyand was one of the most learned scholars of his time.
Italian humanism spread northward to FranceGermanythe Low Countriesand England with the adoption of large-scale printing after the end of the era of incunabula or books printed prior toand it became associated with the Protestant Reformation.
Paganism and Christianity in the Renaissance[ edit ] This section is too long to read comfortably, and needs subsections. Please format the article according to the guidelines laid out in the Manual of Style. The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy describes the rationalism of ancient writings as having tremendous impact on Renaissance scholars: Here, one felt no weight of the supernatural pressing on the human mind, demanding homage and allegiance.
Humanity—with all its distinct capabilities, talents, worries, problems, possibilities—was the center of interest.
It has been said that medieval thinkers philosophised on their knees, but, bolstered by the new studies, they dared to stand up and to rise to full stature. And if it is names that bother us, no one better deserves the name of Epicurean than the revered founder and head of the Christian philosophy Christfor in Greek epikouros means "helper.
On the contrary, he alone shows the most enjoyable life of all and the one most full of true pleasure. In this spirit, Pico della Mirandola attempted to construct a syncretism of all religions he was not a humanist[ clarification needed ] but an Aristotelian trained in Parisbut his work did not win favor with the church authorities.
Historian Steven Kreis expresses a widespread view derived from the 19th-century Swiss historian Jacob Burckhardtwhen he writes that: The period from the fourteenth century to the seventeenth worked in favor of the general emancipation of the individual. The city-states of northern Italy had come into contact with the diverse customs of the East, and gradually permitted expression in matters of taste and dress.
The writings of Dante, and particularly the doctrines of Petrarch and humanists like Machiavelli, emphasized the virtues of intellectual freedom and individual expression.
In the essays of Montaigne the individualistic view of life received perhaps the most persuasive and eloquent statement in the history of literature and philosophy.
Of these two, Hermeticism has had great continuing influence in Western thought, while the former mostly dissipated as an intellectual trend, leading to movements in Western esotericism such as Theosophy and New Age thinking.
Though humanists continued to use their scholarship in the service of the church into the middle of the sixteenth century and beyond, the sharply confrontational religious atmosphere following the Protestant reformation resulted in the Counter-Reformation that sought to silence challenges to Catholic theology with similar efforts among the Protestant denominations.
However, a number of humanists joined the Reformation movement and took over leadership functions, for example, Philipp MelanchthonUlrich ZwingliJohn Calvinand William Tyndale.
With the Counter Reformation initiated by the Council of Trentpositions hardened and a strict Catholic orthodoxy based on Scholastic philosophy was imposed. Some humanists, even moderate Catholics such as Erasmus, risked being declared heretics for their perceived criticism of the church.Renaissance Humanistic Concept Of Man Essay Research.
Introduction The period of the Renaissance and Enlightenment was As a result of this humanistic movement of the 16th and each author conceived the state of nature to be. The Concept of the State of. Nov 13, · Introduction to the Renaissance; Contact; The Fall of Man with Contrast to Renaissance Humanism.
intro Uncategorized November 13, November 13, we can also see why it should involve a certain emphasis on man and thus be ‘humanistic’ in the modern sense of the word. However, if we take this emphasis on man as a . Indeed, though the word Renaissance is of more recent coinage, the fundamental idea of that period as one of renewal and reawakening is humanistic in origin.
But humanism sought its own philosophical bases in far earlier times and, moreover, continued to exert some of . Introduction: what was the Renaissance?, Renaissance in Europe, Renaissance and Reformation, SOSE: History, Year 8, QLD Introduction The period of European history referred to as the Renaissance was a time of great social and cultural change in Europe.
With the spread of humanistic thought, the medieval emphasis on spirituality was. The word "humanism" is ultimately derived from the Latin concept humanitas. It entered English in the nineteenth century.
Many medieval Muslim thinkers pursued humanistic, rational and scientific discourses in their search "Renaissance humanism" is the name later given to a tradition of cultural and educational reform engaged in by.
The Renaissance Humanistic Concept of Man The Renaissance was a period of cultural movement and the introduction of cultural heroes, is known as “Renaissance Men”. More about Essay on The Renaissance Humanistic Concept of Man.
James Franco, Renaissance Man Words | 6 Pages; The Renaissance and its .