Comparing and contrasting ethical egoism and utilitarianism

As far back in ancient Greek literature as Homer, the concept of dikaion, used to describe a just person, was important. From this emerged the general concept of dikaiosune, or justice, as a virtue that might be applied to a political society. The issue of what does and does not qualify as just could logically lead to controversy regarding the origin of justice, as well as that concerning its essence.

Comparing and contrasting ethical egoism and utilitarianism

Both utilitarianism and ethical egoism are theories within consequentialism that focus on the outcome of conduct as the primary motivation of that action and any critique of whether or not that conduct is ethical.

The major difference between utilitarianism and ethical egoism is where those acts are directed. Utilitarianism Utilitarianism focuses on the idea of the greater good. Essentially, this ethical theory intends to maximize good for the the most people. The moral worth of any action is judged by how much good results for all sentient beings.

While some individuals may suffer from these actions, utilitarianism holds that the conduct may still be ethical if it does more good for a greater number of people than it harms.

Ethical Egoism Ethical egoism, also known simply as egoism, holds that moral conduct ought to be judged through self-interest. Egoism states that the good consequences for the individual agent outweigh the consequences placed upon others.

Comparing and contrasting ethical egoism and utilitarianism

In egoism, actions could be considered ethical for the individual if the one taking the action is benefited, while any benefit or detriment to the welfare of others is a side effect and not as important as the consequences for the individual. Differences The primary differences between these two theories, keeping in mind that there are numerous sub-theories within each branch of thought, is the value placed between the individual and others.

In utilitarianism, the most ethical action may be that which harms the individual agent but maximizes the positive impact for the most people overall, essentially placing the emphasis on the whole as opposed to the individual.

Comparing and contrasting ethical egoism and utilitarianism

In egoism, the individual has a greater value than others, thus it is ethical to act in one's own self-interest even if it may potentially harm others. Arguments Utilitarianism seeks to maximize good by minimizing harm to all while egoism seeks to maximize good by keeping the individual happy.

In utilitarianism, actions must be judged on the amount of people or beings that benefit from the action as opposed to how many the same action may potentially harm. Proponents argue that utilitarianism results in a greater sum of benefit to its harm, based upon outcome and not intention.

However, critics of utilitarianism argue that following the interest of the greater good may result in tremendous harm to a large number of individuals.

Meanwhile, egoists argue that acting in self-interest can result in position action because the individual knows best how to benefit his own self, and if everyone were to act in the interest of others, then the general welfare of all would decrease as they are never working for their own good.

Egoists trust that others will act in their own interests, thus making it unnecessary to take action solely for their benefit. References Carnegie Mellon University: Egoism About the Author Jess Kroll has been writing since His prose, poetry and essays have been published in numerous journals and literary magazines.Describe the main principles of the two normative ethical theories of deontology and utilitarianism.

Compare and contrast the two theories, bringing out any problems or limitations you see in each. Port Manteaux churns out silly new words when you feed it an idea or two.

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Enter a word (or two) above and you'll get back a bunch of portmanteaux created by jamming together words that are conceptually related to your inputs..

For example, enter "giraffe" and you'll get . The Differences Between Utilitarianism & Ethical Egoism By Jess Kroll ; Updated April 12, Consequentialism is a moral theory that states that the consequences of one's actions are the basis for any morality or judgment toward that action.

Both utilitarianism and ethical egoism are theories within consequentialism that focus on the outcome. is and in to a was not you i of it the be he his but for are this that by on at they with which she or from had we will have an what been one if would who has her.

Deontology - the ethical system in which morality is determined by duty or laws. One example would be Kantian ethics, in which the only actions that are moral are those performed out of one's duty to follow the moral law, as opposed to acts performed out of desire.

What is the relationship between utilitarianism and consequentialism?

Related Questions The full pdf can be viewed by clicking here. Ethics Theories- Utilitarianism Vs.
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Expert Answers Both utilitarianism and ethical egoism are theories within consequentialism that focus on the outcome of conduct as the primary motivation of that action and any critique of whether or not that conduct is ethical. The major difference between utilitarianism and ethical egoism is where those acts are directed.
Social Science Dictionary with a Durkheim bias Are callous unemotional traits all in the eyes?
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What. Professional Ethics: Compare And Contrast.

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Print Reference this. Disclaimer: There are several ethical principles that dictate how a professional should act in a business setting. These ethical principles have many similarities but are ultimately very distinct.

David Hume (/ h juː m /; born David Home; 7 May NS (26 April OS) – 25 August ) was a Scottish Enlightenment philosopher, historian, economist, and essayist, who is best known today for his highly influential system of philosophical empiricism, skepticism, and naturalism. Hume's empiricist approach to philosophy places him with John Locke, George Berkeley, Francis Bacon and. Welcome to the Free E-mail Database. This page is a public service to provide E-mail addresses for any purpose you may need. Drawing from a constantly-updated database, we offer up free lists of E-mail address to hundreds of users per day! The Ethical Theory Of Utilitarianism - The intentions you have behind an action determine whether you perform that action or not. Initially your intentions are to look at the greater “good” of the action and if that good outweighs the bad then you’ll probably initiate that action.

egoism, and utilitarianism. An egoist is a person who is only concerned for.

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