Prior to the 'Taylorisation' of industry it was normal for workers to organise their own work at their own pace. Taylor believed that this "soldiering" allowed workers to restrict their output, causing the organization to lose money. Taylor brought four key principles to the workplace: Establishing a time for each component of work made it possible for management to set a benchmark against which all employees could be measured.
Transfer of learning and its theories. Process of adjustment, conflicts and defence mechanism, mental hygiene. Unit — VI Concept and principles of guidance and counselling, types of guidance and counselling.
Tools and Techniques of Guidance — records, scales and tests, techniques, interview.
Organizing Guidance services at different levels of education, occupational information, kinds of services, like information, testing, counselling and follow — up. Unit — VII Sample: Concept of Population and Sample, various methods of sampling.
Concept, difference with Assumptions, Source, various types of Hypothesis.
Designs of experimental research, characteristics. Internal and external validity in experimental research. Phenomenologlcal Research, Ethnomethodical and Naturalistic inquiry. Unit — IX Universalization of elementary education in India. Vocationalization of education in USA and India.
Distance education and continuing education in Australia, UK and India. Leadership in Educational Administration: Meaning and Nature of Leadership Theories of Leadership.Emotional labour refers to the “effort, planning, and control required to display organizationally desired emotions during interpersonal transactions” (Morris and Feldman, , p).
emotional labour - the emotional management done by workers and a process of commodifying emotional displays at work - Hochschild () defines term as result of work that involves direct contact with public.
Taylor: Master of Scientific Management Frederick Winslow Taylor is a controversial figure in management history. His innovations in industrial engineering, particularly in time and motion studies, paid off in dramatic improvements in productivity. Apr 08, · Learn more about Scientific Management and Taylorism to understand the principles of management for successful production and quality management.
He divided labour into an elementary division of labour in which every worker was allocated their own tasks that had to be repeated constantly.
Emotional Intelligence Components. January 17 Ratings: This paper gives a critical review of 25 years of critical accounting research on gender, addressing what we have learned to date and what are the most challenging areas to be investigated in the future. Flexible firms • Knowledge work • Service work • Neo-Taylorism • Emotional labour School of Management The revolt against Taylorism • Social science critique of Taylorism • A new workplace and a new worker?
– A post-industrial, information or knowledge economy? – A service rather than a knowledge economy?