Heathrow Airport Expansion Advantages More capacity is needed- air travel is predicted to double by and Heathrow will not be able to cope without a 3rd runway. The airport experiences delays, it needs the extra capacity to reach levels of service at competitors otherwise it will be overtaken by rivals in Europe. Richard Lambers- CBI director general-'there is a firm consensus among our members that a third runway will play a huge role in the future of the UK economy.
UK brownfield development issues Example 1: London Olympic Park Read the following articles and make notes about the site of the olympic park - where, clean-up required, benfits to the area: Battersea Powerstation, London Read this Guardian article and watch the video opposite, make short notes about what the original use was and the new land use due to redevelopment.
What are the concerns about the redevelopment of the powerstation? Battersea Power Station redevelopment Video G3: Workers benefit from regulated hours, holidays and sick pay.
They contribute to state pensions and benefit from social security policies. Working in the formal sector makes it much easier to secure bank loans buy cars, houses, start businesses etc. The formal sector is more difficult to enter - workers usually need evidence of education or qualifications and a recognised permanent address.
A bank account is also neccessary for getting paid in most cases. New York Taxi Driver Informal Job Sector This is the unofficial sector, is wide ranging and plays an important role in many urban areas.
The formal sector lacks the financial security of the formal sector, is unregulated in terms of working conditions and safety. Workers in this sector dont contribute to state schemes such as pensions and health care. In LEDCs the informal sector plays a vital role in recycling waste material and reducing the waste going to landfill sites.
Describe the scale of the informal sector in Columbia Describe the problems faced by workers in this sector What benefits of working in this sector are mentioned?
Explain how the informal economy can offer a route out of poverty for people. Urban stress Urban Heat Islands You should be able to explain the causes of higher temperatures and modified local climatic features in urban areas.
Factors such as the change in the albedo rate due to roads and buildings, the heat released from transport, the leakage of heat from buildings heating and air conditioning. Other factors to consider are things such as changes in the levels of humidity due to the loss of vegetation and the rapid draining of surface water out of the area.
Changes in wind speed and flow due to building design Chicago is a good example. Tasks Use a search engine to get a simple sketch image of a city. Draw a rough temperature line to show the urban heat island Label the different causes of urban heat islands use p. Use this link to explain in more detail the causes of urban heat islands.
Industry, car ownership and in many developing urban areas the use of charcoal for cooking all contribute. Developed countries increasingly invest in collection and recycling of domestic waste.
In many developing countries official waste collection does not function as effectively and pollution is an increasing concern.
Guardian article looking at the patterns of use and urban stresses for 4 major global cities. Some good information about comparative densities and transport networks.
You should be able to describe and explain examples of urban stress, supporting your answers with examples. Use the videos and links to make case study notes.
Read this article about the waste pickers How many garbage pickers catadores worked there? How much waste was discarded there on a daily basis? How large in size is the landfill site? How much waste was dumped there in total over the time that it was open?
What were the major environmental concerns about the landfill site? In which year did Jardim Gramacho close? What has been done to limit the environmental impact of the landfill site? Describe the working conditions for the catadores health, saftey, hours, type of work, level of pay.
How has the closing of Jardim Gramacho affected the people that worked there?
Are they happier with their new lives?Consistently named one of the top Universities in TN and the South, CBU is your home.
CBU is a student body full of diverse cultures, faiths and interests. The IB five have a high concentration of case studies e.g USA for Core migration, Higher level diasporas, freshwater - conflicts within a drainage basin, obesity for Food & Health, hurricane MEDC for hazards etc etc.
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The International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme (IBDP) is a two-year educational programme primarily aimed at 16 to 18 year olds.
The programme provides an internationally accepted qualification for entry into higher education and is recognized by many universities worldwide. Advantages. More capacity is needed- air travel is predicted to double by and Heathrow will not be able to cope without a 3rd runway.
It runs close to % . *Retroactive credits for , , and (12 credits) would be granted upon completion of the appropriate level course at UW-La Crosse with a grade of "B" or higher.