Show comments They were heralded with a historic handshake on the lawn of the White House. Three of their signatories went on to win the Nobel Peace Prize. They were, many hoped, a first step towards agreeing a settlement that would secure a lasting regional peace and an independent Palestinian state.
Portion of the Temple Scrollone of the Dead Sea Scrollswritten during the Second Temple period With successive Persian rulethe autonomous province Yehud Medinata was gradually developing back into urban society, largely dominated by Judeans.
The Greek conquests largely skipped the region without any resistance or interest. Incorporated into the Ptolemaic and finally the Seleucid empires, the southern Levant was heavily hellenizedbuilding the tensions between Judeans and Greeks.
The conflict erupted in BCE with the Maccabean Revoltwhich succeeded in establishing an independent Hasmonean Kingdom in Judah, which later expanded over much of modern Israel, as the Seleucids gradually lost control in the region.
The struggle between pro-Roman and pro- Parthian factions in Judea eventually led to the installation of Herod the Great and consolidation of the Herodian kingdom as a vassal Judean state of Rome.
With the decline of the Herodian dynastyJudea, transformed into a Roman provincebecame the site Israel palestine and peace essays a violent struggle of Jews against Greco-Romans, culminating in the Jewish—Roman warsending in wide-scale destruction, expulsions, and genocide.
Jewish presence in the region significantly dwindled after the failure of the Bar Kokhba revolt against the Roman Empire in CE.
Christianity was gradually evolving over Roman Paganismwhen the area stood under Byzantine rule. Through the 5th and 6th centuries, the dramatic events of the repeated Samaritan revolts reshaped the land, with massive destruction to Byzantine Christian and Samaritan societies and a resulting decrease of the population.
After the Persian conquest and the installation of a short-lived Jewish Commonwealth in CE, the Byzantine Empire reconquered the country in Middle Ages and modern history Further information: Control of the region transferred between the Rashidun CaliphsUmayyadsAbbasidsFatimidsSeljuksCrusadersand Ayyubids throughout the next three centuries.
When the city fell, around 60, people were massacred, including 6, Jews seeking refuge in a synagogue.
InSultan Saladinfounder of the Ayyubid dynastydefeated the Crusaders in the Battle of Hattin and subsequently captured Jerusalem and almost all of Palestine. In time, Saladin issued a proclamation inviting Jews to return and settle in Jerusalem,  and according to Judah al-Harizithey did: He wrote "If the gentiles wish to make peace, we shall make peace and leave them on clear terms; but as for the land, we shall not leave it in their hands, nor in the hands of any nation, not in any generation.
Jerusalem, although left without the protection of any city walls sincealso saw a flurry of new construction projects centred around the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound on the Temple Mount.
Inthe Mamluk Sultan Baybars converted the Cave of the Patriarchs in Hebron into an exclusive Islamic sanctuary and banned Christians and Jews from entering, who previously had been able to enter it for a fee.
The ban remained in place until Israel took control of the building in Meir Latif arrived from Italy and counted Jewish families in Jerusalem. With the help of the Sephardic immigration from Spain, the Jewish population had increased to 10, by the early 16th century.
Inthe territory was divided between Britain and France under the mandate systemand the British-administered area which included modern day Israel was named Mandatory Palestine. Balfour Declaration and Intercommunal conflict in Mandatory Palestine Theodor Herzlvisionary of the Jewish state Since the existence of the earliest Jewish diasporamany Jews have aspired to return to "Zion" and the "Land of Israel",  though the amount of effort that should be spent towards such an aim was a matter of dispute.
The Maccabaeans will rise again. Let me repeat once more my opening words: The Jews wish to have a State, and they shall have one. We shall live at last as free men on our own soil, and die peacefully in our own home.
The world will be freed by our liberty, enriched by our wealth, magnified by our greatness. And whatever we attempt there to accomplish for our own welfare will react with beneficent force for the good of humanity.The name Palestine has long been used as a general term for a region without precise boundaries.
The eastern boundary has been especially imprecise, although frequently regarded as east of the Jordan River, sometime extending to the edge of the Arabian srmvision.com northern border is between modern Israel and Lebanon, to the west is the Mediterranean Sea, and the south, the Negev, sometimes.
Brilliant essays on Israel and his own views of the peace process.
I'd call this book a must read for any and all interested in understanding the views of Israelis, especially those on the left. Oz is a great writer/5.
Sep 27, · News from Israel, the Middle East and the Jewish World. Israeli-Palestinian peace talks. Analysis.
David Horovitz. At warm meeting, Trump jolts Netanyahu by . Jun 01, · Ibraheem Abu Mustafa / Reuters A colleague of Palestinian nurse Razan Al-Najar, who was killed during a protest at the Israel-Gaza border, reacts .
Amos Oz (Hebrew: עמוס עוז ; born Amos Klausner; May 4, ) is an Israeli writer, novelist, journalist and intellectual. He is also a professor of literature at Ben-Gurion University in srmvision.com is regarded as Israel's most famous living author.
Oz's work has been published in 45 languages in 47 countries, and has received many honours and awards, among them the Legion of Honour. Israel Palestine Conflict Essay Primarily, the conflict is negotiated between the Israeli government led by Ehud Olmert and the Palestine Liberation Organization headed by Mahmoud srmvision.com events repeatedly taking place between Israel and Palestine prove the futility of a policy of an eye for an srmvision.com only way to solve the question of the Middle East is a cessation of the Israeli military.