Lucky for these despairing types, the prevailing wisdom suggests that such comparisons are unfair — prodigies are born, not made mostly. So finds a recent study of eight young prodigies, which sought to shed some light on the roots of their talent. Most are musical prodigies; one is an artist and another a math whiz, who developed a new discipline in mathematics and, by age 13, had had a paper accepted for publication in a mathematics journal. Two of the youngsters showed extraordinary skill in two separate fields:
Deficits in nonverbal communicative behaviors used for social interaction; ranging for example, from poorly integrated verbal and nonverbal communication; to abnormalities in eye contact and body language or deficits in understanding and use of gestures; to lack of facial expressions and nonverbal communication.
Deficits in developing, maintaining, and understanding relationships, ranging, for example, from difficulties adjusting behavior to suit various social contexts, to difficulties in sharing imaginative play or in making friends, to absence of interest in peers. Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities, as manifested by at least two of the following, currently or by history examples are illustrative, not exhaustive; see text: Stereotyped or repetitive motor movements, use of objects, or speech e.
Insistence on sameness, inflexible adherence to routines, or ritualized patterns of verbal or nonverbal behavior e. Highly restricted, fixated interests that are abnormal in intensity or focus e.
Hyper- or hyporeactivity to sensory input or unusual interest in sensory aspects of the environment e. Symptoms must be present in the early developmental period but may not become fully manifest until social demands exceed limited capacities, or may be masked by learned strategies in later life.
Symptoms cause clinically significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of current functioning. These disturbances are not better explained by intellectual disability intellectual developmental disorder or global developmental delay.
Intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorder frequently co-occur; to make comorbid diagnoses of autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability, social communication should be below that expected for general developmental level.
Individuals who have marked deficits in social communication, but whose symptoms do not otherwise meet criteria for autism spectrum disorder, should be evaluated for social pragmatic communication disorder. With or without accompanying intellectual impairment With or without accompanying language impairment Associated with a known medical or genetic condition or environmental factor Coding note: Use additional code s to identify the associated medical or genetic condition.
Associated with another neurodevelopmental, mental, or behavioral disorder Coding note: Use additional code s to identify the associated neurodevelopmental, mental, or behavioral disorder[s]. With catatonia refer to the criteria for catatonia associated with another mental disorder, pp.
Use additional code Bloomington, IN irca indiana." Unfortunately, just as with the first two questions, the answer isn't very satisfying. Although many treatments and therapies are proposed to help, few have been studied enough to know whether they really do (or don't) work, and for which children.
But there are kids at either end of the social spectrum—the ones with no friends and limited social skills, and the ones who are consistently bossy and mean, who you need to work with to help. Working with Students with a Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder in the Education SystemFetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Education Strategies 1 A brief description of the different signs extreme impulsiveness, tremors and coordination difficulties and impaired reasoning and judgment.
In Shakespeare's play, The Tempest, the characters of Prospero and Caliban, represent two different extremes on the social spectrum: the ruler, and the ruled.
Their positions on the social hierarchy are largely due to the fact that Caliban responds almost wholly to passions, feelings of pleasure -- his senses, while Prospero is ruled more by. Social identity theory states that the in-group will discriminate against the out-group to enhance their self-image.
The central hypothesis of social identity theory is that group members of an in-group will seek to find negative aspects of an out-group, thus enhancing their self-image.
The spectrum of European society is reduced to its two extremes with at one end the gentility of the prince and his fair daughter, or the political philosophy of Gonzalo, and, at the other end.